PAUL A. RAHE
Departments of History
33 East College Street
Fax: (517) 607-2998
College of Arts and Sciences, Cornell University, 1967-1969
Yale College, Yale University, 1969-1971
Wadham College, University of Oxford, 1971-1974
Yale Graduate School, Yale
B.A. Summa cum Laude with Honors with Exceptional Distinction in History, the Arts and Letters, Yale University, June, 1971
B.A. Oxon. with First Class Honours in Litterae Humaniores, University of Oxford, October, 1974
Ph.D., Yale University,
Honors, Prizes, Scholarships, and Fellowships
Rhodes Scholarship, 1971
Woodrow Wilson Fellowship, 1971
Andrew D. White Prize in European History, Yale University, 1971
Phi Beta Kappa, Yale University, 1971
Field Scholarship, American School of Classical Studies at Athens, 1973
Benjamin Bickley Rogers Prize, Wadham College, University of Oxford, 1973
College Scholarship, Wadham College, University of Oxford, 1973
Weaver Fellowship, Intercollegiate Studies Institute, 1974-1975
Junior Fellowship, The Center for Hellenic Studies, Washington, D.C., 1980-1981
Fellowship, The National Humanities Center, Spring, 1984
Fellowship in the Eastern Mediterranean, Institute of Current World Affairs, Crane-Rogers Foundation, 1984-1986
John M. Olin Faculty Fellowship, John M. Olin Foundation, Inc., 1988-1989
Fellowship, Center for the History of Freedom, Washington University, Spring, 1990
Fellowship, National Endowment for the Humanities, 1993-1994
Fellowship, Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars, Washington, D. C., 1993-1994
Templeton Honor Rolls for Education in a Free Society, The John M. Templeton Foundation, 1997-1998
Visiting Research Fellow, Clare Hall, University of Cambridge, Spring, 1999
E. L. Wiegand Visiting Lecturer, St. John’s College, Santa Fe, New Mexico, and Thomas Aquinas College, Santa Paula, California, 1999-2000
Visiting Fellow, All Souls College, University of Oxford, Michaelmas and Hilary Terms, 2005-6.
DaimlerChrysler Fellow, Hans Arnhold Center, The American Academy in Berlin, April-May, 2006.
Koren Prize for the Best Article Published in French History in 2005, Society for French Historical Studies, 21-22 April 2006.
Acting Instructor, Department of History, Yale University, 1976-1977
Assistant Professor, Department of History, Cornell University, 1977-1980
Steinman Assistant Professor of Classics and History, Department of Classics, Franklin and Marshall College, 1981-1983
Assistant Professor, Department of History, The University of Tulsa, 1983-1991
Associate Professor, Department of History, The University of Tulsa, 1991-1994
Professor, Department of History, The University of Tulsa, 1994-2007
Jay P. Walker Professor of American History, The University of Tulsa, 1994-2007
Visiting Professor, Department of History, Yale University, 1996-1997
Professor, Department of History and Political Science, Hillsdale College, 2007-
The Charles O. Lee and
Louise K. Lee Chair in the Western Heritage, Hillsdale College, 2008-
Director, First Seminar Program, University of Tulsa, 1990-1992
Chair, Department of History,
University of Tulsa, 1994-1998
Fields of Concentration
Major: Ancient Greek and Roman History
Minor: European Intellectual History
Additional Teaching Experience
Greek and Latin Language and Prose Literature
Ancient Persian Civilization
Greek and Roman Civilization
Ancient and Modern Historiography
Ancient and Modern Political Philosophy
“Lysander and the Spartan
Settlement, 407-403 B.C.,” August, 1977
Republics Ancient and Modern: Classical Republicanism and the American Revolution (Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1992), An Alternate Selection of the History Book Club, May, 1993.
Republics Ancient and Modern I: The Ancien Régime in Classical Greece (Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1994).
Republics Ancient and Modern II: New Modes and Orders in Early Modern Political Thought (Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1994).
Republics Ancient and Modern III: Inventions of Prudence: Constituting the American Regime (Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1994).
Against Throne and Altar: Machiavelli and Political Theory under the English Republic (New York: Cambridge University Press, 2008).
Soft Despotism, Democracy’s Drift: Montesquieu, Rousseau, and Tocqueville on the Modern Prospect (New Haven: Yale University Press, 2009).
Montesquieu and the
Logic of Liberty: War, Religion, Commerce, Climate, Terrain, Technology,
Uneasiness of Mind, the Spirit of Political Vigilance, and the Foundations
of the Modern Republic (New Haven: Yale University Press, 2009).
Montesquieu’s Science of Politics: Essays on the Spirit of Laws, ed. David W. Carrithers, Michael A. Mosher, and Paul A. Rahe (Lanham, MD: Rowman and Littlefield, 2001).
Republican Legacy, ed. Paul A. Rahe (Cambridge: Cambridge University
Work in Progress
The Spartan Way of War,
under contract with Yale University Press
Chapters in Books
“Slavery, Section, and Progress in the Arts,” in The Revival of Constitutionalism, ed. James W. Muller (Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1988) 123-50.
“The American Revolution,” in The American Experiment: Essays on the Theory and Practice of Liberty, ed. Peter Augustine Lawler and Robert Martin Schaefer (Lanham, MD: Rowman and Littlefield, 1994) 27-55.
“Antiquity Surpassed: The Repudiation of Classical Republicanism,” in Republicanism, Liberty, and Commercial Society: 1649-1776, ed. David Wootton (Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1994) 233-69.
“Don Vito Corleone, Friendship, and the American Regime,” in Reinventing the American People: Unity and Diversity Today, ed. Robert Royal (Washington, D. C.: Ethics and Public Policy Center, 1995) 115-35.
“Thucydides’ Critique of Realpolitik,” in Roots of Realism: Philosophical and Historical Dimensions, ed. Benjamin Frankel (London: Frank Cass, 1996) 105-41.
“Thucydides and Ancient Constitutionalism,” in Polis and Polemos: Essays on Politics, War, and History in Ancient Greece in Honor of Donald Kagan, ed. Charles D. Hamilton and Peter Krentz (Claremont, CA: Regina Books, 1997) 141-70.
“Thomas Jefferson’s Machiavellian Moment,” in Reason and Republicanism: Thomas Jefferson’s Legacy of Liberty, ed. Gary L. McDowell and Sharon L. Noble (Lanham, MD: Rowman and Littlefield, 1997) 53-84.
“The River War: Nature’s Provision, Man’s Desire to Prevail, and the Prospects for Peace,” in Churchill as Peacemaker, ed. James W. Muller (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1997) 82-119.
“Soft Despotism: Democracy’s Drift,” in Foundations of American Civilization, ed. T. William Boxx and Gary M. Quinlivan (Latrobe, PA: Center for Economic and Policy Education, 1999) 15-54.
“Fame, Founders, and the Idea of Founding in the Eighteenth Century,” in The Noblest Minds: Essays on Fame, Honor, and the American Founding, ed. Peter McNamara (Lanham, MD: Rowman and Littlefield, 1999) 3-36.
“Aristotle and the Study of History: A Manifesto,” in Reconstructing History: The Emergence of the Historical Society, ed. Elizabeth Fox-Genovese and Elisabeth Lasch-Quinn (New York: Routledge, 1999) 202-13.
“The Beginning of the Cold War,” in Churchill’s “Iron Curtain” Speech Fifty Years Later, ed. James W. Muller (Columbia, MO: University of Missouri Press, 1999) 49-67.
“Situating Machiavelli,” in Renaissance Civic Humanism: Reappraisals and Reflections, ed. James Hankins (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2000) 270-308.
“Forms of Government: Structure, Principle, Object, and Aim,” in Montesquieu’s Science of Politics: Essays on the Spirit of Laws (1748), ed. David W. Carrithers, Michael A. Mosher, and Paul A. Rahe (Lanham, MD: Rowman and Littlefield, 2001) 69-108.
“The Electoral College and the Moderation of the Political Impulse in America,” in Securing Democracy—Why We Have an Electoral College, ed. Gary L. Gregg II (Wilmington, DE: ISI Books, 2001) 55-78.
“Justice, Necessity, and the Conduct of the Spartans and the Athenians in The Peloponnesian War,” in Civilians in the Path of War, ed. Mark Grimsley and Clifford J. Rogers (Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 2002) 1-32.
“The Idea of the Public Intellectual in the Age of the Enlightenment,” in The Public Intellectual: Between Philosophy and Politics, ed. Arthur Melzer, Jerry Weinberger, and M. Richard Zinman (Lanham, MD: Rowman and Littlefield, 2003) 27-52.
“Don Corleone Multiculturalist” [in Chinese], in Trust and Business: Barriers and Bridges [in Chinese], ed. Daryl Koehn (Shanghai: Shanghai Academy of Social Sciences Press, 2003) 145-68.
“Background to Marbury v. Madison: The Debate Concerning Judicial Review at the Federal Convention and during the Ratification Period,” in Marbury v. Madison: 1803-2003: Un dialogue franco-américain/A French-American Dialogue, ed. Élisabeth Zoller (Paris: Dalloz, 2003) 19-36.
“The Political Needs of a Tool-Making Animal: Madison, Hamilton, Locke, and the Question of Property,” in Natural Rights Liberalism from Locke to Nozick, ed. Ellen Frankel Paul, Fred D. Miller, Jr., and Jeffrey Paul (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2005) 1-26.
“Machiavelli in the English Revolution,” in Machiavelli’s Liberal Republican Legacy, ed. Paul A. Rahe (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2006) 9-35.
“Thomas Jefferson’s Machiavellian Political Science,” in Machiavelli’s Liberal Republican Legacy, ed. Paul A. Rahe (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2006) 208-28.
“Thucydides as Educator,” in The Past as Prologue: The Importance of History to the Military Profession, ed. Williamson Murray and Richard Hart Sinnreich (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2006) 95-110.
“Montesquieu and the Constitution of Liberty,” in America and Enlightenment Constitutionalism, ed. Gary McDowell and Johnathan O’Neill (London: Palgrave/MacMillan, 2006) 123-55.
“Political History’s Demise?” in Recent Themes in Early American History: Historians in Conversation, ed. Donald A. Yerxa (Columbia: University of South Carolina Press, 2008) 33-36.
“The Peace of Nicias,” in The Making of Peace, ed. Williamson Murray and James Lacey (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2009) 31-69.
“Montesquieu’s Critique of Monarchy: A Self-Destructive Anachronism,” forthcoming in Montesquieu et la civilité, ed. Philippe Raynaud (Paris: Dalloz, 2009).
“Republicanism in Rome and Republicanism in America,” forthcoming in Thomas Jefferson, the Classical World, and Early America, ed. Nicholas Cole and Peter Onuf (Charlottesville, University Press of Virginia, 2010).
“Machiavelli’s Debt to Averroës and Lucretius,” forthcoming in Erasmus Politicus Christianus, ed. Robert von Friedeburg.
the Preservation of Liberty, and John Churchill’s Statesmanship,”
forthcoming in Winston Churchill’s Life of Marlborough, ed.
James W. Muller.
Articles in Refereed Journals
“The Military Situation in Western Asia on the Eve of Cunaxa,” The American Journal of Philology 101 (1980): 79-96.
“The Selection of Ephors at Sparta,” Historia 29 (1980): 385-401.
“The Annihilation of the Sacred Band at Chaeronea,” The American Journal of Archaeology 85 (1981): 84-87.
“The Primacy of Politics in Classical Greece,” The American Historical Review 89:2 (April, 1984): 265-93.
“John Locke’s Philosophical Partisanship,” The Political Science Reviewer 20 (1991): 1-43.
“Cicero and American Republicanism,” Ciceroniana n. s. 8 (1994): 63-78.
“Thomas Jefferson’s Machiavellian Political Science,” Review of Politics 57:3 (Summer, 1995): 449-81.
“Thucydides’ Critique of Realpolitik,” Security Studies 5:2 (Winter, 1995): 105-41.
“Don Corleone, Multiculturalist,” The Journal of Business and Professional Ethics 16:1-3 (1998): 133-53.
“Averting Our Gaze,” The Journal of the Historical Society 2:2 (Spring, 2002): 145-51.
“The Classical Republicanism of John Milton,” History of Political Thought 25:2 (Summer, 2004): 243-75.
“The Political Needs of a Tool-Making Animal: Madison, Hamilton, Locke, and the Question of Property,” Social Philosophy & Policy 22:1 (Winter, 2005): 1-26.
“The Book That Never Was: Montesquieu’s Considerations on the Romans in Historical Context,” History of Political Thought 26:1 (Spring, 2005): 43-89. Awarded the Koren Prize for the Best Article Published in French History in 2005 by the Society for French Historical Studies, 21-22 April 2006.
“Between Trust and Distrust: The Federalist and The Emergence of Modern Republican Constitutionalism,” 1650-1850: Ideas, Aesthetics, and Inquiries in the Early Modern Era 11 (2005): 375-406.
“In the Shadow of Lucretius: The Epicurean Foundations of Machiavelli’s Political Thought,” History of Political Thought 28:1 (Spring, 2007): 30-55.
“The Enlightenment Indicted:
Rousseau’s Response to Montesquieu,” The Journal of the Historical
Society 18:2 (June, 2008): 273-302.
Other Scholarly Publications
“Church and State: Jefferson, Madison, and 200 Years of Religious Freedom,” The American Spectator 19:1 (January, 1986): 18-23.
“Redefining Democracy for the Modern State,” Humanities 13:3 (May/June 1992): 16-19.
“The Martial Republics of Classical Greece,” The Wilson Quarterly 17:1 (Winter, 1993): 58-70.
“Virtuous Citizens,” Constitution 6:2 (Fall, 1994): 52-59.
“Extracurricular Reading,” Reason 26:7 (December, 1994): 49.
“Justice, Necessity, and the Conduct of War in Thucydides,” Occasional Paper No. 6, Historical, Cultural, and Literary Studies, The Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars (November, 1995): 1-39.
“The Contents of Our Character,” Reason 27:7 (December, 1995): 42.
“The Constitution of Liberty Within Christendom,” The Intercollegiate Review 33:1 (Fall, 1997): 30-36.
Constitutions: Ancient, Modern, and American, The Gaspar G. Bacon Lecture, 1996 (Boston: Boston University, 1997).
“The Electoral College: A Defense,” Perspective: A Public Policy Journal from the Oklahoma Council of Public Affairs 7:12 (December, 2000): 3-7.
“The Reckoning,” The American Oxonian 89:2 (Spring, 2002): 30-33.
“An Inky Wretch: The Outrageous Genius of Marchamont Nedham,” The National Interest 70 (Winter, 2002-2003): 55-64.
“Empires Ancient and Modern,” The Wilson Quarterly 28:3 (Summer, 2004): 68-84.
Demise?” Historically Speaking 5:4 (March/April, 2005): 28-30.
Isaac Kramnick, The Rage of Edmund Burke: Portrait of an Ambivalent Conservative (New York 1977), in The American Spectator 11:4 (February, 1978): 34-35.
Yvon Garlan, Les esclaves en Grèce ancienne (Paris 1982), in The American Historical Review 89 (1984): 104-5.
Williamson Murray, The Change in the European Balance of Power, 1938-1939: The Path to Ruin (Princeton 1984), in The American Spectator 17:10 (October, 1984): 31-33.
Meyer Reinhold, Classica Americana: The Greek and Roman Heritage in the United States (Detroit 1984), in The William and Mary Quarterly, 3rd ser., 43 (1986): 312-15.
Paul Cartledge, Agesilaus and the Crisis of Sparta (Baltimore 1987), in The American Historical Review 94 (1989): 108-9.
Hiram Caton, The Politics of Progress: The Origins and Development of the Commercial Republic, 1600-1835 (Gainesville, FL 1988), in Quadrant 34:6 (June, 1989): 69-70.
Harvey C. Mansfield, Jr., America’s Constitutional Soul (Baltimore 1991), in The American Spectator 25:1 (January, 1992): 74-75.
Michael Palmer, Love of Glory and the Common Good: Aspects of the Political Thought of Thucydides (Lanham, MD 1992), in The Journal of Military History 56 (1992): 685-86.
Gary Wills, Lincoln at Gettysburg: The Words That Remade America (New York 1992), in Reviews in American History 21 (1993): 218-24.
To Form a More Perfect Union: The Critical Ideas of the Constitution, ed. Herman Belz, Ronald Hoffman, and Peter J. Albert (Charlottesville 1992), in Eighteenth Century Studies 27 (1993): 11-15.
Susan Ford Wiltshire, Greece, Rome, and the Bill of Rights (Norman 1992), in The William and Mary Quarterly, 3rd ser., 50 (1993): 657-58.
Jack N. Rakove, James Madison and the Creation of the American Republic (Glenview, IL 1990), in The Journal of American History 80 (1993): 645-46.
Samuel H. Beer, To Make a Nation: The Rediscovery of American Federalism (Cambridge, MA 1993), in The American Historical Review 99 (1994): 639-40.
David N. Mayer, The Constitutional Thought of Thomas Jefferson (Charlottesville 1994), in The American Scholar 64:1 (Winter, 1995): 154-55.
Jean Bethke Elshtain, Democracy on Trial (New York 1995), in Reason 26:11 (April, 1995): 55-59.
Donald Kagan, On the Origins of War and the Preservation of Peace (New York 1995), in Reason 27:5 (October, 1995): 61-65.
Clifford Orwin, The Humanity of Thucydides (Princeton 1994), in The American Historical Review 101 (1996): 159-60.
Michael J. Sandel, Democracy’s Discontent: America in Search of a Public Philosophy (Cambridge 1996), in The Wall Street Journal 97:72 (11 April 1996): A18.
The Landmark Thucydides: A Comprehensive Guide to the Peloponnesian War, ed. Robert B. Strassler (New York 1996), in The Washington Times (6 October 1996): B6.
Victor Davis Hanson, The Other Greeks: The Family Farm and the Agrarian Roots of Western Civilization (New York 1995), in The American Journal of Philology 118 (1997): 459-62.
Quentin Skinner, Liberty Before Liberalism (Cambridge 1998), in The Review of Politics 62 (2000): 395-98.
Republicanism: A Shared European Heritage, ed. Martin van Gelderen and Quentin Skinner (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2002), in History of Political Thought 25 (2004): 558-64.
Niccolò Machiavelli, Art of War, ed. and tr. Christopher Lynch (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2004), in The Claremont Review of Books 5:1 (Winter 2004): 42-43.
Austin Woolrych, Britain in Revolution, 1626-1660 (New York: Oxford University Press, 2002), in The Journal of the Historical Society 5:1 (March, 2005): 29-37.
Eric Nelson, The Greek Tradition in Republican Thought (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2004), in The Historical Journal 49:2 (June, 2006): 635-36.
Andreas Kalyvas and Ira
Katznelson, Liberal Beginnings: Making a Republic for the Moderns
(New York: Cambridge University Press, 2008), forthcoming in Reviews
in American History.
Civic and Professional Affiliations
American Philological Association
Committee on the Classical Tradition, 1993-1996.
American Political Science Association
Conference for the Study of Political Thought
Association of Ancient Historians
Society for Historians of the Early American Republic
St. George Tucker Society
The Historical Society
Executive Committee, 1998-2008
National Conference Program Organizer, 1999-2000
Board of Directors, Institute of Current World Affairs, Crane-Rogers Foundation, 1987-1994, 1997-2003
Chairman of the Board, 1998-2003.
Managing Committee, American School of Classical Studies at Athens, 1988-
The Rhodes Scholarship Trust
Member, Oklahoma Committee of Selection, 1983, 1986-1987, 1989-1992, 1994-1995, 1997-2002, 2004.
Secretary, Oklahoma Committee of Selection, 1989-95, 2004.
Gulf District Committee of Selection, 1989-1990, 1994-1995.
Board of Directors, Institute of World Affairs, 1991-1994.
Academic Advisory Council, International Churchill Society of the United States, 1992-1997.
Academic Advisory Committee, The Churchill Center, 1997-.